As part of measures to reduce the influx of immigrants into the country, American president Donald Trump is seeking to end birthright citizenship, a right to citizenship for babies of non-citizens and unauthorized immigrants born on U.S. soil.
Trump, who hopes to achieve this through an executive order made this known in an exclusive interview with ‘Axios on HBO’. “We are the only country in the world where a person comes in and has a baby, and the baby is essentially a citizen of the United States for 85 years with all of those benefits. It’s ridiculous. It’s ridiculous. And it has to end”.
To accomplish the idea he floated on Tuesday, Mr. Trump would have to find a way around the 14th Amendment to the Constitution, which states, “All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside.”
The amendment means that any child born in the United States is considered a citizen. Amendments to the Constitution cannot be overridden by presidential action, and can be changed or undone only by overwhelming majorities in Congress or the states, with a two-thirds vote of both houses of Congress or through a constitutional convention called for by two-thirds of state legislatures.
But some conservatives have long made the argument that the 14th Amendment was meant to apply only to citizens and legal permanent residents, not immigrants who are present in the country without authorization.
Countries like Canada, Mexico, Brazil, Argentina and most other countries in Central and South America have unrestricted birthright citizenship laws.